Urban Design and Master Planning
With regard to rapid urbanization, in particular in Asia and other developing countries, urban design and urban planning can be useful tools to mediate urban development. In reality, planning approaches were becoming more incoherent and fragmented as aspects of planning were increasingly defined by wider and highly complex range of issues. This inevitably led to the inability of translating classic modes of planning and their spatial models and system into a definable ‘blueprint’. The promotion of integral urbanism- including urban design and master planning, advocates a less object-oriental and more process-oriented understanding of the condition of urban space. In addition, planning approaches has to be able to adapt and absorb the ever-changing public sphere. Planning approaches should be a situation-specific mechanism in which planning seeks to find a diversity of solutions at different levels of scale.